Saturday, March 25, 2023

Trudi Schoop

Psychologists, psychiatrists, psychoterapists and analysts

Trudi Schoop

Trudi Schoop
Trudi Schoop, 001.jpg
Zurich, Switzerland
DiedJuly 14, 1999
Occupation(s)Dancer, Comedian and Therapist

Trudi Schoop (October 9, 1904 – July 14, 1999) was a Swiss dancer who pioneered the treatment of mental illness with dance therapy.[1]

Life and work

Born in Switzerland, the daughter of the editor of the Swiss newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung,[2] Her younger sister was Hedi Schoop. Schoop was mostly self-taught, though she did study some ballet and modern dance after she was an established performer. She performed throughout the 1930s and made several tours of the United States, arranged by the impresario Sol Hurok.[1] Schoop, the performer, was often referred to as a female Charlie Chaplin. She often toured often under the moniker, "Trudi Schoop and her Dancing Comedians."

Schoop stayed in Switzerland during World War II, and often performed in anti-Fascist cabaret shows. She resumed touring after the war, but disbanded her dance company in 1947 and moved to Los Angeles, California[3] to undertake an exploration of dance as therapy for schizophrenic patients.

Among the several California medical institutions where Schoop worked was the Camarillo State Mental Hospital, where she was recommended as a therapist by UCLA neuropsychiatrists who had reviewed her theories.[3] Schoop developed what she called body-ego technique, which used movement to help draw patients out of isolation and help them to respond to, rather than shrink from, human contact.

Schoop impacted countless people and is known as one of the founders of dance/movement therapy, based on the dance/movement therapy created by C.G:Jung in 1916. In Los Angeles she worked together with Tina Keller-Jenny.[4] Many people who studied with her mentioned her sense of humor, warmth, and love.[5]

She died in Van Nuys, California. Her Ashes were scattered at sea, off the coast of Orange County, California [6]


  1. ^ a b Anderson, Jack (1999-07-23). "Trudi Schoop, 95, Pioneer In Therapy Using Dance". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  2. ^ "Comic Dancer". TIME Magazine. 1936-01-06. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  3. ^ a b "Trudi Schoop". Variety. 1999-08-03. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  4. ^ Pallaro, Patrizia (2007-01-15). Authentic Movement: Moving the Body, Moving the Self, Being Moved: A Collection of Essays - Volume Two. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. p. 33. ISBN 978-1846425868.
  5. ^ Gilbert, Jeff. "Trudi Schoop: Passing on her Legacy (Thesis)".
  6. ^ "Trudi Schoop (1903-1999) - Find A Grave Memorial". Retrieved 2017-12-30.

Further reading

  • Dance magazine, article, "Trudi's Here Again", (mime Trudi Schoop), February 1938.
  • Levy, Fran. 1988. "Trudi Schoop, Dance Movement Therapy: A Healing Art."Reston, Virginia: The American Alliance for Health, Physical Education and Recreation.
  • Mitchell, Peggy and Schoop, Trudi, "Won't You Join the Dance: A Dancer's Essay into the Treatment of Psychosis", National Press Books, ISBN 0874842298/9780874842296/0-87484-229-8.
  • Young, Therese Adams. "From Dance Mime to Dance Therapy", Thesis (M.A.)--Texas Woman's University, 1986. Microfiche.|bEugene :|cMicroform Publications, College of Human Development and Performance, University of Oregon, |d1988.|e2 microfiches : negative.

External links